Background Library

COVID-19 & Farm Bill Policy

COVID-19 & Farm Bill Policy

Learn about how the federal response to the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted domestic Farm Bill programs.

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Overview: History of the Farm Bill

Overview: History of the Farm Bill

The farm bill dates back to 1933. Learn how it has evolved over time.

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Overview: The Farm Bill Legislative Process

Overview: The Farm Bill Legislative Process

Congress reauthorizes the farm bill every 5 years. This primer explains the legislative process.

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Title I: Commodities

Title I: Commodities

Learn about the programs that support grains, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and dairy. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title II: Conservation

Title II: Conservation

Learn about conservation programs that pay farmers to conserve natural resources, and others that require basic conservation measures. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title III: Trade

Title III: Trade

Learn how the farm bill authorizes international food aid and facilitates American agricultural exports. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title IV: Nutrition

Title IV: Nutrition

Learn about Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, our nation’s largest anti-hunger safety net.

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Title V: Credit

Title V: Credit

Learn about the complex farm credit system, essential for new and established producers alike. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title VI: Rural Development

Title VI: Rural Development

Learn how USDA support economic development, healthcare, broadband and other essential infrastructure across rural America. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title VII: Research & Extension

Title VII: Research & Extension

Learn about the government’s role in supporting, conducting, and disseminating basic and applied agricultural research. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title VIII: Forestry

Title VIII: Forestry

Learn about national priorities for forest management, conservation and emergency reforestation. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title IX: Energy

Title IX: Energy

Learn about support for renewable energy, energy efficiency and biofuels. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title X: Horticulture & Organics

Title X: Horticulture & Organics

Learn about support for fruits and vegetables, local and regional food systems, and the National Organics Program. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title XI: Crop Insurance

Title XI: Crop Insurance

Learn how the government provides a broad agricultural safety net through the heavily subsidized federal crop insurance program. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Title XII: Miscellaneous

Title XII: Miscellaneous

Read about the grab bag of programs from feral swine eradication to outreach for socially disadvantaged and minority farmers. Updated to reflect the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Domestic Ethanol Policy

Domestic Ethanol Policy

Learn how the U.S. government supports ethanol production and usage in the United States.

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